Economics Book Review – The Ascent of Money, a Financial History of the World by Niall Ferguson

A cryptocurrency is a digital asset that is used primarily as a transaction tool to secure financial transactions, control the creation of additional assets, and verify any asset transfers using strong cryptographic technology. It is also known as a form of digital currency or virtual currency. Unlike central banking systems, it is a decentralized control and financial transaction system that operates through a blockchain used primarily for financial transactions.

The first decentralized virtual currency developed in 2009 was bitcoin, known as the virtual currency, and it operated on its own without the help of a central bank or administrator. Since then, about 4,000 altcoins of various bitcoin variants have been developed. Bitcoin is seen as a peer-to-peer electronic money system where users make transactions directly without intermediate products.

Blockchain is a data file consisting of many blocks, which keeps track of all previous bitcoin transactions, as well as the creation of new ones. The normal average time between each block is about 10 minutes. The most common use of bitcoins is supported by external software called Bitcoin Wallet. Using this software, you can easily store, retrieve and manage bitcoin unit transactions. In order to make transactions using bitcoins, you need to have an account on any of the bitcoin exchanges around the world and transfer fiat currency to this account. This way, the account holder can make future transactions using these funds. Apart from bitcoin, other sources of cryptocurrency are oil, which is mainly used for oil reserves and minerals.

There are several pros and cons associated with using digital currency. The main advantages of using virtual currency are as follows: –

• Provides a fast layer of transparency: –

Usually bitcoin works through a book called Blockchain, which records and monitors each transaction. If a transaction is made and registered in this book, it is considered static. These transactions can be further verified at any time in the future, and in addition, it also provides security and privacy with respect to all transactions made through a particular account.

• Fast processing and portable use: –

Billions of dollars of bitcoins can be easily transferred from one place to another without detection with a single memory disk. In any transaction, the involvement of any third party can be eliminated using this bitcoin technology. This will result in an easy and fast transaction without the permission of a third party,

• Low transaction costs: –

The transaction costs associated with exchanging these digital currencies are much lower, making it more affordable than real currency for people around the world. Thus, the cost of any transactions made is very small, which proves to be a beneficial feature for the public when they make any transactions.

• Fighting and eradicating poverty: –

Often banking systems and financial institutions do not provide assistance and assistance to particularly backward classes in rural areas. Bitcoin serves as an alternative in cases where it extends its reliable financial services to those who have access to the Internet. It often serves as support for the poor and oppressed classes, who in most cases are not given a viable alternative.

With the advent of new or latest technology with its use are also associated with some negative factors, which are as follows:

• Lack of knowledge and distrust of the population: –

Due to the lack of knowledge about digital currency, people more often become distrustful of its widespread use. Thus, there are very few business systems that accept these sources of cryptocurrencies, hence the limitation of business systems that prefer to use virtual currency in their daily transactions.

• Non-traceable transactions: –

Because transactions made by bitcoins are impossible to trace, this provides an opportunity for criminal transactions. In such cases, drug dealers and unscrupulous individuals use such virtual currency to illegally detect their illegal activities.

• Volatile and uncertain nature: –

Cryptocurrency is sometimes volatile and continues to change frequently on a large scale. Sometimes people earn a considerable amount of money when the market rates of these virtual currencies rise rapidly, and sometimes they also face large losses when the price falls.

Cryptocurrency is an innovative but amateur concept that can potentially disrupt the entire financial market. True, this digital currency has attracted the attention of the world in a short period of time. Every new technology that emerges in the market always has advantages and disadvantages. To make the most of it, you need to make a decision to both sides.